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Phloxes are one of the very pretty flowers to adorn our gardens during the summer.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Phlox
Family : Polemoniaceae
Type : Perennial or annual
Height : 0.2 to 1 m
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Rather rich and well drained
Foliage : Semi-persistent -Flowering : April to October
Easy to maintain and grow, they will satisfy you for their great decorative power.
Phlox are perennial flowers fairly hardy who like rather rich and humus-rich soils but which will also thrive in ordinary soil.
There are also annual phlox called Drummond's phlox and which flower exclusively in summer.
In pot or cup:
- In spring or fall in a rather sunny location.
Annual phlox seedlings :
Sowing annual phlox is quick and easy and takes place directly in the garden.
- Prefer a sowing in place in the spring in a mixture of garden soil and potting soil.
- Keep the substrate slightly damp by watering regularly.
- When the phlox have a few leaves, thin out every 8 inches as they emerge from the first leaves to give the plant space to develop well.
- The annual phlox is particularly suitable for baskets, pots and planters.
Planting perennial phlox:
As with the annual phlox, the perennial phlox likes rather rich soils.
- Planting phlox is best done in the fall for those that flower in the spring and in the spring for those that flower in the summer.
- Prefer very sunny situations.
- Mix the soil from the garden with a good soil for flowering plants.
- Space each plant 20 to 30 cm apart.
- Water regularly.
Multiplication of perennial phlox:
Perennial phlox propagates easily by division of the tuft.
- Clump division in the fall after the stems have wilted.
Caring for phlox
Whether annual or perennial phlox, maintenance is relatively easy and usually involves watering when the soil is dry.
For phlox in pots, containers or planters, more regular watering is necessary.
The best known of the annual phlox is the phlox drummondii.
- he love the sun and rather rich and well-drained soils.
- A regular watering is necessary, especially in times of drought.
The phlox has many species and varieties but we can say that all prefer the sun
- So prefer the sunny situations or partially shaded for a few hours.
- Make sure your soil is rich enough for a beautiful flowering.
- In early spring add flower plant fertilizer to your soil.
- Remove wilted flowers as you go.
Phlox in winter:
The perennial phlox grows back year after year, but it is preferable, at the first frost, to cut short the foliage which will have blackened and to protect them with a good mulch of dead leaves.
You will be able to pull out annual phloxes that will not grow back the following year.
The main pests that affect the phlox are slugs and snails which delight in its foliage.
Phlox can also be affected by powdery mildew.
To know about phlox
Very easy to grow, the Phlox only claim to be watered in dry and hot weather.
This plant offers a generous flowering and abundant much of the year.
The genus phlox comprises relatively diverse and varied plants. We thus find herbaceous, annual or perennial forms.
There are 60 species of phlox. A few known varieties like Drummond's phlox (annual), Orange perfection, Amethyst, Tenor, Graf zeppelin, are all shapes and colors that will adorn your garden or your terrace.
To stimulate the recovery of perennial phlox the following spring, cover the base with manure during the winter, you will also protect it from the cold.